The Architecture

DURING THE EARLY 20TH CENTURY, Hampton Hills evolved into a stable, picturesque and conveniently located neighborhood. It’s typical of Dallas’ close-in neighborhoods—a well-preserved community with a high degree of visual integrity. Among the architectural styles:

1318-hollywood-aveBungalow (1905-1930) The bungalow form of architecture is named after the bangla or bangala—a low house with a large porch common throughout the Bengal province in India. British colonists adapted these structures as summer homes in which the interior was arranged around central living rooms. Hampton Hills has many excellent examples of craftsman bungalows—an American version of the bungalow form. Named for the Arts and Crafts movement, the craftsman bungalow was a reaction to the extravagant, machined and mass-produced Victorian architecture that represented the Industrial Revolution. Craftsman bungalows throughout the neighborhood feature low-pitched roofs, which may be gabled or hipped, large porches covered by the overhanging roof and supported by substantial columns, and broad eaves with exposed rafters.

1510-hollywood-aveTudor Revival (1920-1930) Following World War I, neighborhood developments throughout the United States featured Tudor revival architecture, reflecting a desire for rural values and “instant” atmosphere. The Tudor revival variant that can be seen throughout Hampton Hills is called English Cottage, favored for its storybook charm and design versatility, and notable for steeply pitched roofs and asymmetrical designs. Chimneys are generally large, prominent features with decorative brickwork. Windows are also distinctive, with multiple windows arranged in ribbons across the facade. Sashes are multipaned with lead or wood muntins. Steeply gabled, enclosed entries are also common, as are cozy, irregularly shaped rooms.

1519-montreal-aveMinimal Traditional (1930-1950) During the 1930s, home styles evolved to include minimal traditional, which incorporated Colonial and Tudor forms with the modern preference for as little ornamentation as possible. Still, homes built during the Depression had nice quality built-ins, cabinetry and woodwork. Although homebuilding was curtailed during World War II (because of strict rationing of materials for the war effort), this remained the dominant residential form in the years immediately following the war. Small, post-WWII cottages can be seen throughout Hampton Hills. They generally have shallow- to medium-pitched gabled or hipped roofs (usually with no eaves), small covered porches with simple pillars or columns, simple floor plans and occasionally corner-wrapped windows. They are mostly asymmetrical with the front entrance off center, and with either attached or detached garages.